The Piazza del Duomo , also known by the poetic expression the square of miracles , is the
most important artistic and tourist center of Pisa. Ranked among the World Heritage by UNESCO, you can admire
some of the masterpieces of European Romanesque architecture: the cathedral, the baptistery, the cemetery, and the bell tower.
The heart of the complex is the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta , the medieval cathedral.
It is a church with five naves
three naves with a transept. The building, like the bell tower, collapsed perceptibly in the soil. The Romanesque style
Pisa was created precisely from this church and then exported to the rest of Tuscany, but also in Corsica and Sardinia,
formerly under the control of the Republic of Pisa.
The bell tower of Santa Maria known as "The Leaning Tower" or "The Tower of Pisa" , is, precisely, the bell tower of the Cathedral. Below it the land has yielded slightly, making it tilt a few degrees. The inclination has lasted for many years, coming to a halt after the restoration work ended in the early twenty-first century. Because of the difficulties of construction, and not only that, its construction lasted over two centuries (in three different phases work) from the end of the twelfth century.
The Baptistery dedicated to St. John the Baptist, stands opposite the west front of the Cathedral. The building was
began in the middle of the twelfth century, the interior, surprisingly simple and free of decorations, also has an excellent acoustics.
It is the largest baptistery in Italy: its circumference measures 107.25 m.
Campo Santo monumental is located on the northern edge of the square. It is structured in the form of a cemetery cloister, with earthy graves. The land inside the courtyard is actually a relic, since the earth from Mount Calvary in the Holy Land, delivered with several ships from the Pisani after the Fourth Crusade from which its name "field" (plot-wise) "saint."
In Piazza dei Cavalieri is the Palace of the Caravan designed by Giorgio Vasari, including the complex decoration of the facade which currently houses the Scuola Normale Superiore.
In the same square is the church of the Knights of St.Stephen , also by Vasari. We originally had a nave, and the second was added in the seventeenth century.
On Lungarno Medici you will find the Palazzo Medici and the Romanesque church of San Matteo.
The city is still surrounded by the old city walls, still intact except for some stretches to the south and west. Of particular interest along the way, which is proposed to fit in green, are the numerous doors, square of Gondolas , and so-called "Nero's baths" , to which afferiva time of the ancient Roman aqueduct Caldaccoli from San Giuliano Terme, known in antiquity as Aquae Pisanae and then as Bagni di Pisa.
Pistoia 15 Km
San Marcello 13 Km
Abetone 27 Km
Firenze 53 Km
Lucca 55 Km
Garfagnana 60 Km
Pisa 75 Km
Siena 110 Km